Top 10 Things to Do in Pamukkale
Pamukkale, known for its mineral-rich thermal water flowing from the white travertine terraces in terms of a nearby hillside is a town in western Turkey. B.C. It is adjacent to Hierapolis, an ancient Roman spa city founded around 190. Among the ruins, there is a well-preserved theater and a necropolis with sarcophagi stretching for 2 km. The Ancient Pool is famous for the sunken Roman columns as a result of the earthquake.
Pamukkale’s dazzling white calcite abyss was formed by calcium deposits from the area’s hot springs. Just as stalactites form in limestone caves, sediments grow on steep slopes and gradually spread out to form natural terraces. Pamukkale means “cotton castle” and the blinding white color of these travertines looks like a strange natural castle.
2. Hierapolis City Ruins
First of all, King of Pergamum II. Founded by Eumenes shortly after 190 BC, Hierapolis was originally a fortified military colony. The original city was destroyed by an earthquake in 60 AD and glorious days began after it was rebuilt.
The city experienced its greatest prosperity in the 2nd and 3rd centuries and has become an important spa center with its natural hot springs. The ruins of a large colonnaded street stretch for just over a kilometer, running parallel to the travertines below, between the necropolis in the north and a Byzantine church at the south end.
3. Hierapolis Theater
On a hillside above the rest of the Hierapolis ruins is the powerful theater with more than 100 meters of façade and two rows of seats, 26 rows each.
Built during the reign of the Roman Emperors Hadrian and Septimius Severus, the theater is incredibly well preserved. It has preserved many of its original details with empire boxes (where VIP guests will watch the entertainment) and some decorative panels that still survive throughout the stage. There are beautiful views from the upper seating layers.
4. Pamukkale Antique Pool
If you want to join a refreshing hot pool just like the Romans do – but without the togas – then look no further. Pamukkale’s Ancient Pool (next to the Temple of Apollo) allows you to relax your tired travel muscles in mineral-rich hot spring water, which is 36 degrees Celsius.
With semi-submerged columns and fallen pieces of marble scattered in the water around you, it’s probably the most atmospheric spa experience you will have.
5. Hieropolis Museum
This small but excellent museum dedicated to Hierapolis is inside the ancient city’s former Roman bath house. A visit here will help bring the city to life. The exhibits showcase the fine art and cultural heritage of this once-important city, and showcase a variety of finds from the site, including magnificent and intricate stone reliefs, sarcophagi, and sculptures.
6. Pamukkale Castle
Pamukkale (Pamukkale) was just the name of this 11th or 12th century castle, located just off the road from Pamukkale town to the Hierapolis plateau. Most tourists don’t mind coming here, so this is a great opportunity to get away from the tour bus crowds for a while.
Lovely Laodikeia, located about 12 kilometers south of Pamukkale, was once home to Cicero. This Roman commercial center was a bustling city of industry, medicine and commerce. A large Christian and Jewish population lived here when Christianity began to inherit from the old pagan religions. The ruins, though sparse, are highly photogenic and have an interesting mix of remains from the temples and theaters of the early Roman settlement to the post-Christian early Byzantine period.
Modern research, Aphrodisias has transformed from a place where very few people visited one of Turkey’s most important historical sites. Located about 97 kilometers southwest of Pamukkale, the Chalcolithic finds show that the area was settled in the 4th millennium BC, and the early Bronze Age pottery finds indicate that it was an Assyrian trade colony here during the Hittite period.
9 Caravanserais Near Pamukkale
Caravanserais (roadside inns also known as hans) dot the plains of the region surrounding Pamukkale, a relic of the days when this area was part of a major trade route through to central Anatolia. On the road from Denizli to Dinar stands the Akhan, a Seljuk caravanserai founded in 1253 by Emir Karasungur.
The archaeological site of Beycesultan Hill (10 kilometers south of Çivril district), which was first excavated by Lloyd and Mellaart in the 1950s, is an important prehistoric settlement. For the Stone Age alone, 21 layers were found within 11 meters of sediment.